Pengeluaran Minyak Sawit di Malaysia
Palm Oil Production in Malaysia
World’s Second Largest Producer and Exporter of Palm Oil
Malaysia currently accounts for 35% of World Palm Oil Production. If taken into account of other oils & fats produced in the country, Malaysia accounts for 15% of the World’s total Production of oils and fats.
Cultivation Areas of Palm Oil in Malaysia
Sarawak, with an extensive landbank, established its first palm oil plantation in the eighties. By 1990 the area under palm oil was 55,000 hectares, rising to 330,000 hectares by 2000. By 2012, the total area of palm oil plantations was approximately 1 million hectares.
By contrast, the total planted area in Malaysia, including Sabah but excluding Sarawak is just less than 4 million hectares.
However, while the land available for oil palm plantations in West Malaysia and Sabah are almost exhausted, research shows that Sarawak can plant another million hectares of oil palm plantation by the year 2020.
Palm Fruits Tree
Tree Height: 20 – 30 M
Trunk Circumference: 355 Cm
Frond Production: 24 – 30 per Year
Frond Length: 6 – 8 M
Leaf Color: Green
Ripe Fruit Color: Reddish – Orange
Nursery Period: 8 – 12 Months
Age of Harvesting After Planting: 30 Months
Harvesting Intervals: 13 – 15 Days
Oil Production: 4.5 – 5 Tons/Hectare/Year
Planting Density: 125 – 150 Trees per Hectare
Palm Fruits Bunch
Number of Bunches: 10 – 12 per Tree per Year
Bunch Weight: 15 – 25 Kg
Fruit Bunches per Year: 18 – 22 Tons per Hectare
Fruitlets per Bunch: 2,000 – 4,000
Oil per Bunch: 20 – 25%
Shape of Fruitlets: Spherical To Oval
Size of Fruitlets : 3 – 3.5 Cm
Weight of Fruitlets: 15 – 20 Gm
Kernel per Fruit: 5 – 8%
Mesocarp per Fruit: 85 – 92%
Oil per Mesocarp: 20 – 50%
Production of Palm Oil in Malaysia from 2010 to 2018
“It is Prediction that Palm Oil Production of Malaysia will Climb to 25 Million Metric Tons by 2025.”
MT: Metric Ton
Global Palm Oil Consumption
Palm oil Consumption Increased 230% in almost 2 Decades, yet India Imports most of it.
Growing population especially in developing countries, emerging demand from new importing countries such as Pakistan, Iran and Bangladesh will become the positive Palm Oil consumption growth. Palm Oil consumption is predicted to expand at slower pace than that in the past five years, it is predicted Global Palm Oil Demand to grow by 3.1% per annum within 2018-2025 time frame.
Uses of Palm Oil
Palm Oil is the Planet’s Most Widely Consumed Vegetable Oil. Palm Oil is found in everything from Food to Cosmetics.